Therefore the problem of the homophobia-as-repression theory is highlighted: if perhaps few homophobes include meaningful homosexual, after that homosexuality cannot explain much; if lots of homophobes are homosexual, next homophobia should be inadequate at persuading others one is right.
As a result, it will come only a small amount wonder that some current data locates no evidence for this homophobia-as-repressed-homosexuality theory. MacInnis & Hodson (2013) sought for to examine whether any connect is out there between a measure of implicit sexual appeal and direct homophobia in heterosexuals. In order to do this, the writers utilized an implicit organization task (IAT) adapted to intimate destination: a task where members have to categorize photos as male/female and phrase as intimately attractive/unattractive, additionally the performance where they are doing very should show things in regards to the cognitive association involving the two. I am cautious with the interpretations of IATs for a number of grounds, but We’ll believe at the moment that these types of a test really does certainly type of measure whatever expect. Participants comprise in addition asked about their explicit sexual attractions to both women and men, and their thinking towards gay/lesbian and heterosexual communities. In total, their particular test displayed 237 Canadian undergraduates (85 boys).
As I would count on, the IAT outcomes only correlated modestly with direct measures of sexual interest (roentgen = .37 for males, roentgen = .15 for ladies). The correlations between those IAT steps and bad, specific evaluations of homosexuals for males was actually r = -.06, as well as for girls, r = -.24. In other words, not merely are these types of correlations rather small, nonetheless nominally gone for the contrary way of repression accounts: as people demonstrated most implicit destination towards the exact same intercourse, in addition they demonstrated decreased explicit negativity. On the same note, men’s room specific destinations into the exact same sex negatively correlated employing homophobia aswell (r = -.31), and thus as guys reported extra mindful attraction for other men, they certainly were furthermore more positive towards homosexuals. Individuals are far more good towards those who appear like them—for great reason—so this is not very alarming.
The professionals attempted additional analyses too to deal with various other interpretations of the repression-to-attraction account.
Initially, they divided the info such that those who showed positive homosexual implicit appeal were when compared to those people that in the unfavorable area. The male sample, it really is really worth keeping in mind, cannot getting assessed right here as best 4 associated with the 85 guys had such a score (possibly there is simply not much implicit interest boating?); for women, exactly the same getting as before appeared: those revealing much more implicit appeal are significantly less adverse towards homosexuals. Then, the authors made an effort to determine only those from inside the upper-half of homophobia score, following those in the greater amount of extreme ends. However, the implicit destination ratings wouldn’t differ between those high and lower in prejudice for men or ladies. The repression hypothesis was not even recognized if the writers tried to isolate those players whose direct and implicit destination results had been maximally not the same as each other (the writers framework this as individuals overstating their unique heterosexuality on an explicit stage, but I think the exact interpretation is the fact that IAT is not as well big of an instrument).
Because of the splitting of the sample, MacInnis & Hodson (2013) gave their particular information every possible advantage to pick something—even some spurious relationship—but really absolutely nothing arose. They smashed the data down by men and women; thinking towards gays, lesbians, and homosexuals as a whole; those higher or reduced in prejudice; those whose implicit and direct sites diverged. No matter what it actually was sliced, help had not been located for the repression idea. Whenever relationships did exist between implicit appeal and specific attitudes, it often went within the opposite way for the repression hypothesis: individuals who confirmed implicit attraction are less bad in direction of homosexuals (albeit quite reasonably). Really don’t believe this can stop those who fancy the repression theory to abandon it—likely simply because they appreciate it for explanations beyond its founded truth-value, in fact it is currently dubious at best—but it really is a possible kick off point regarding quest.
MacInnis, C. & Hodson, G. (2013). Is actually homophobia of an implicit same-sex destination? Log of Intercourse Studies, 50, 777-785.